From William Douglas
Many people believe that the Bush administration took advantage of 9-11 in order to launch the war and impose repressive measures at home.
As for the campaign of repression at home - with its nightmarish Homeland Security, its assault on legal guarantees, and its star chamber Military Tribunals - this campaign is in part intended to silence the millions of people who suspect that Bush and other top leaders were involved in some way in making 9-11 happen.
Some people ask us: how can you believe that our leaders are capable of such cynicism, murderous cruelty, ruthlessness and dishonesty?
That is why Operation
Northwoods is so important. For we now know that in 1962, the Joint Chiefs of
Staff proposed staging phony attacks to destroy
Below are excerpts from and comments on the Joint Chiefs’ Operation Northwoods document. It was obtained through the Freedom of Information Act.
At the end of this article,
we have provided links to the document, which we set up in standard WebPage format (easy to read). You can also read it in
PDF format, via a link to the National Security Archive, at
Northwoods is reality.
WHAT DOES NORTHWOODS SAY?
The Northwoods proposal was authorized and tentatively approved by the United States Joint Chiefs of Staff. It had a very clear purpose:
“1. The Joint Chiefs of Staff have considered the attached Memorandum for the Chief of Operations, Cuba Project, which responds to a request* of that office for brief but precise description of pretexts which could provide justification for U.S. military intervention in Cuba.
“2. The Joint Chiefs of Staff recommend that the proposed memorandum be forwarded as a preliminary submission suitable for planning purposes.” See Operation Northwoods, page i, http://emperors-clothes.com/images/north-i.htm
The aim was disinformation,
to create the false impression that
“5. The suggested
courses of action appended to Enclosure A are based
on the premise that
The document argued that
“6. While the
foregoing premise can be utilized at the present time it will continue to
hold good only as long as there can be reasonable
The Northwoods document was to be forwarded to Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara. McNamara claims he never saw it; but then, he also claims that during the 1960s he was opposed to the Vietnam War. Tell that to the families of the dead GIs whom he exhorted to kill the dead Vietnamese. I wouldn’t believe Robert McNamara if he said it was Monday:
“8. It is recommended that:
“A. Enclosure A together with its attachments should be forwarded to the Secretary of Defense for approval and transmittal to the Chief of Operations, Cuba Project.” See Operations Northwoods, page 3, http://emperors-clothes.com/images/north-3.htm
Northwoods recognized that
the best justification for attacking
“1. Since it would seem desirable to use legitimate [sic!] provocation as the basis for US military intervention in Cuba, a cover and deception plan, to include requisite preliminary actions such as has been developed in response to Task 33 o [this may be a ‘c’] could be executed as an initial effort to provoke Cuban reactions. Harassment plus deceptive actions to convince the Cubans of imminent invasion would be emphasized. Our military posture throughout execution of the plan will allow a rapid change from exercise to intervention if Cuban response justifies.” See Operations Northwoods page 7, http://emperors-clothes.com/images/north-7.htm
But the document also
called for staging phony Cuban attacks on
“(5) Blow up
ammunition inside the [
Some of the proposed attacks could be used to portray the Cubans as heartless monsters:
“It is possible to
create an incident which will demonstrate convincingly that a Cuban aircraft
has attacked and shot down a chartered civil airliner enroute
While the plan does not actually call for killing the college students mentioned above - only seeming to kill them - the Joint Chiefs did suggest the possibility of killing some Cuban refugees, or at least wounding them, as long as there was plenty of publicity to make it all worthwhile:
“The terror campaign
could be pointed at Cuban refugees seeking haven in the
Or perhaps some
“3. A “Remember
Nothing personal, you know. All part of the game.
Note that in #3, above, the
Joint Chiefs seem to take it for granted that the sinking of the
Northwoods called for elaborate schemes to create the proper illusions:
“6. Use of MIG type aircraft by US pilots could provide additional provocation. Harassment of civil air, attacks on surface shipping and destruction of US military drone aircraft by MIG type planes would be useful as complementary actions. An F-86 properly painted would convince air passengers that they saw a Cuban MIG, especially if the pilot of the transport were to announce such fact. The primary drawback to this suggestion appears to be the security risk inherent in obtaining or modifying an aircraft. However, reasonable copies of the MIG could be produced from US resources in about three months.” See Operations Northwoods page 9, http://emperors-clothes.com/images/north-9.htm
There is a phrase in the text above that could be used to sum up to the morality of Northwoods as a whole: “The only drawback to this scheme appears to be security.” Thus the Joint Chiefs recommended that:
“b. This paper NOT be forwarded to commanders of unified or specified commands.
c. This paper NOT be forwarded to
There were additional plans for the staging of violent incidents which are not included in the Northwoods document:
“3. It is understood
that the Department of State also is preparing suggested courses of action to
develop justification for
We have prepared the text of Northwoods in WebPage format. Some people find this easier to navigate than the format in which the National Security Archive posted it, which is Adobe Acrobat Portable Document Format (PDF) file.
You may read the document in either format. If you are in doubt, use the WebPage format. It’s easier to navigate.
For WebPage format click here or go to http://www.emperors-clothes.com/images/north-i.htm
REMEMBER TO REFER PEOPLE TO FINDTRUTH40@HOTMAIL.COM FOR ACTIVIST KITS, HOWEVER WE ENCOURAGE EVERYONE TO SUPPLY ACTIVIST KITS FROM THEIR EMAIL ADDRESS AS WELL, SO THIS MOVEMENT CAN EXPAND EXPONENTIALLY.